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Taiwan: Justice for Caring! Migrant workers Rally 2015

Taiwan: Justice for Caring! Migrant workers Rally 2015

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by Fish Ip published Dec 13, 2015 12:00 AM
Contributors: Migrant Empowerment Network in Taiwan (MENT) & Taiwan International Workers Association (TIWA)
What is "justice in caring"? it’s to make sure that in the process of caring, no one is exploited, sacrificed or hurt -- neither caretakers nor patients. The Migrants Rally organized once in two years got over a thousand protesters demanding for their urgent demand.

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中文請往下看  - Roll down for Chinese

Migrant workers made invisible.
Long-term caring is now system with blood and sweat.
Against sweatshop long-term care system!
Demand for Justice in Caring!
Realize Migrants’ Human Rights!

Press release, Migrants Rally 2015, Dec 13, 2015
Migrant Empowerment Network in Taiwan (MENT) & Migrant Empowerment Network Taiwan (TIWA)

The once-in-two-years Migrants Rally was organized today (13th). The protesters started marching from Ketagalan Boulevard. They then proceeded to Taipei Main Station, organizing a short Occupy action. There, they protested against discrimination and exclusion of Taiwan society. The procession ended at DPP (Democratic Progressive Party) Candidate Tsai Ying-wen’s Headquater. Migrants read out a petition letter to Tsai, “You have one mile away but we have 99 miles to go”. They expressed their will that in Tsai’s final one mile away from being the President of Taiwan, she should concern about the situation of migrant workers who are 99 miles away from human rights’ protection.

In front of Tsai’s headquarter, the protesters observed a moment of silence to mourn over victims of "blood-sweat" system of caring. All protesters tied yellow ribbons on long white cloth which was bearing news report of tragedies of caring system. They hoped these tragedies will no more be happened again. They hoped the human rights of migrants can be realized the soonest.

Dec. 13, 2015fight for justice in caring!

Posted by TIWA台灣國際勞工協會 on Tuesday, December 1, 2015

 

Make migrant domestic workers visible, Justice in Caring

This year’s migrants rally was organized before International Migrants Day (18 Dec). This was also the time before the Presidential Election of Taiwan 2016. Migrant groups of various nationalities including the Filipinos, Indonesians, Vietnamese, Thai were joined by工鬥團體 (Chinese translation: Workers Vs Presidents Struggle 2016) in the rally. They demanded for improving the "blood-sweat" long-term care system. Government must take the responsibility of long-term caring, as well as establishing a long-term care system with justice. No one should be hurt. No one should be exploited in the care system. Protection for all.

The Taiwan aging society has a pressing need for long-term caring. The social tragedies due to lack of government’s caring service has become a serious social problem. This year, all groups of president election candidates have listed long-term caring as one of their priorities in their election platforms. However, the three groups of president election candidates are only making financial budgeting on long-term caring service. They have not raised much concrete proposals with details on how to establish the caring system. They have not mentioned anything about the fact that the current 220,000 migrant domestic workers in Taiwan are in blood and sweat. They have made migrant domestic workers invisible when these workers have been providing care work for Taiwan society for more than 20 years.  

Among the protesters this year’s rally was a big “Agung”(Grandpa) on a big wheel chair. The wheelchair was pulled by covered-up "blood-sweat" migrant workers who are in slavery situation. This was a symbolization that migrant domestic workers in Taiwan are invisible.


Photo: Youngie Wuo/FACEBOOK

Tsai is one mile away from being President of Taiwan. Migrant workers are 99 miles away from Human Rights

The protesters made a short occupy action at ticket hall of Taiwan Main Station. They took this action as a soft way to protest against Taiwan society’s discrimination and exclusion. Recently there have been Taiwanese who criticize in discriminatory comments against migrants who stay at Taiwan Main Station on Sundays. The rally ended in front of Tsai’s election headquarter.

An open letter for Tsai was read out in Chinese, English, Vietnamese and Bahasa Indonesia. In the letter, they congratulated Tsai for being only one mile away from being the new President of Taiwan. They expressed their hope that the new president can face the fact that the migrant workers’ system lacks human rights protection. Slave-like system needed to be changed to ensure human rights in Taiwan.

Migrant workers expressed in the open letter that they hoped Tsai can make effort for migrant workers who are 99 miles away from human rights. They hoped she can do three policy changes when she is elected as the president:

  1. Review migrant workers system to free migrant workers from slavery situation. Migrant workers can become free workers.
  2. Legislate protection on migrant domestic workers’ labour rights. Alleviate immediately the problems of the current 100,000 domestic workers who are not enjoying rest days.
  3. Establish comprehensive long-term caring system. Realize justice in caring. Ensure no one in the caring system are hurt or exploited.

Face the seriousness of long-term caring tragedies. Government should take the responsibility of long-term caring

The protesters ended the rally by a moment of silence to mourn victims of tragedies due to the "blood-sweat" long-term caring system. They prayed for justice in caring. Currently, the government’s long-term caring service coverage is less than 10% of the needs in Taiwan. More than 90% of caring needs are shouldered by families on their own. Those with more financial ability hire migrant domestic workers.

Those without such ability are left with no choice but take the responsibility on their own. However, the labour situation faced by migrant domestic workers are bad. Those families who are left behind on their own to shoulder all the family caring responsibility find themselves can no more shoulder such heavy responsibility. Tragedies happened over and over again. A son killed her mother by suffocating her. A daughter who was mentally broken down killed her mother by pushing her into a river. A father killed his son in dementia by suffocating him.

There were also people who set themselves in fire, hang themselves. They committed suicide as they, being the ones in need of care, wanted no more to burden their sons and daughters. There were migrant domestic workers who suffered from mental disorders because of long working hours and heavy work. We all long for provisions be made for the aged. However, this seems far from realization for those who are shouldering caring responsibility, migrant domestic workers and family carers, as well as for those people in need of care.

When government are not taking long-term caring responsibility, and allow free market of caring, how long are we going to shed blood and sweat in the system? How more tragedies to be made from long-term caring?


Photo:
Sun Qiong Li/Events In Focus

There are two parts of demand, on long-term caring system and on migrants’ system, in this year’s rally:

On long-term caring system:

  1. Short-term goal:
    Abolish the restriction on application for government subsidies by families who have hired migrant caring workers.
    Abolish article 3 in “Regulation for subsidies for providing care service for elderly with disabilities” which states that those elderly who have hired  migrant caring workers or domestic workers are not allowed to apply for Schedule I Subsidies (i.e. care work, domestic work and day-care service) and applicants for “Subsidies for home care service scheme for people with disabilities”which exclude employers of migrant carers.

  2. Mid-term goal: Include care workers in labour law;
  3. Long-term goal: Stop the policy of allowing individuals to hire migrant care workers. Government should take responsibility instead.

In four years’ time, the government should stop individuals and families to hire migrant carers on their own. Instead, migrant workers should be hired by institutions. Institutions will provide the care workers according to Labour Law’s stipulations. In four years’ time, government should shoulder responsibility of all people’s long-term caring needs by setting long-term care foundation through collecting tax.

Demands on Migrants’ system:

  1. Abolish the system of private employment agencies. Establish mandatory government-to-government direct hiring system;
  2. Allow migrant workers to change employers freely;
  3. Stop limiting the number of years that migrant workers are allowed to work in Taiwan;
  4. Abolish the regulation of one-day-leave upon 3-year contract term to release workers from exploitation by employment agencies.

(Origional text in Chinese. English translation by Fish Ip)

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移工被隱形 長照血淋淋
反對血汗長照 要求照顧正義 實現移工人權
【2015移工大遊行新聞2015/12/13】

台灣移工聯盟

兩年一次的移工大遊行,今(13)日在凱道舉行,並行經台北車站,以短暫「佔領台北車站大廳」的儀式,抗議台灣社會對移工的歧視與排斥,最後遊行隊伍抵達民進黨統候選人蔡英文的競選總部,移工發表一封給蔡英文的公開信「您的一哩與我們的九十九哩」,期望正在完成總統最後一哩路的蔡英文,能正視移工人權保障還差九十九哩的慘況。

在蔡英文總部前,遊行隊伍並為血汗長照受害者默哀追悼,所有參與遊行的人在掛滿長照悲劇新聞的白綾上繫上黃絲帶,祈願長照悲劇不再發生,移工人權早日實現。

【2015移工大遊行,要照顧正義 】

2015 移工大遊行 遇見 要照顧正義在館前路==============================================【2015移工大遊行,要照顧正義 】12/13(日) 12:30 @凱道什麼是「照顧正義」?是確保在照顧過程中,不論是照顧者或被照顧者,沒有人遭到剝削、被犧牲或受傷害。我們主張,建構完整長照體系的第一步,就是看見並正視這些家務移工的勞動處境。唯有照顧人的人能受到人性、合理的對待,被照顧的人才能獲得有品質的照顧。12月13日移工大遊行,一起上街,挺移工、要照顧正義!【延伸閱讀】1. 一張圖看懂工鬥的長照訴求:http://ppt.cc/qHAHA2. 反血汗長照專車問三組總統候選人:http://ppt.cc/r79yX3. 建立長照系的空笑夢:http://www.coolloud.org.tw/node/705494. 當移工拒絕被奴役,台灣長照何處去:http://talk.ltn.com.tw/article/breakingnews/13787725. 不面對人力問題,談長照預算是避重就輕:http://talk.ltn.com.tw/article/breakingnews/14885406. 莫讓長照走進「市場化」死胡同:http://talk.ltn.com.tw/article/breakingnews/15258377. 2015移工大遊行英文版宣傳片:http://ppt.cc/BQ65u文字資料來源:TIWA台灣國際勞工協會https://www.facebook.com/TIWA.FAN/?fref=ts==================================================

Posted by Alex Wang on Sunday, December 13, 2015

 

看見家務移工,要求照顧正義

今年移工遊行選擇在國際工日(12/18)前夕舉辦,而現在也是2016總統大選的倒數時刻,除了菲律賓、印尼、越南、泰國等東南亞移工團體之外,今年也結合了2016工鬥團體3一起走上街頭,要求政府改善血汗長照制度,政府必須承擔長期照顧的責任,並建立一個符合長照正義的長照體系,以保障所有人在長照過程中,不被傷害或被剝削。

台灣社會的老年化使得長期照顧的需求越來越急迫,因政府長照服務不足而造成的長照悲劇更是嚴重的社會問題。今年各組總統候選人也都在競選政見中將長照列為重要政策之一。然而,三組總統候選人的長照政策只在經費預算上畫大餅,對於如何建置長照制度的具體內容均付之闕如;且各組候選人的長照政見中,均無視現存22萬家務移工的血汗事實,他/她們都把為台灣提供了20幾年長期照顧的家務移工隱形了!三組總統候選人的長照政見裡,完全沒有家務移工的存在。

因此今年遊行隊伍中有一座載著「阿公」的巨大輪椅,輪椅由一群被覆蓋遮掩的血汗奴工拖拉前行,象徵為台灣付出血汗勞動的家務移工,完全被忽視隱形的情況。

蔡英文的一哩總統路與移工的九十九哩人權路

遊行隊伍行經台北車站時,因過去一再有台灣人針對例假日移工聚集台北車站的現象,發出抨擊與歧視性言論,故本次遊行以短暫佔領台北車站售票大廳的方式,軟性抗議台灣社會對移工的歧視和排斥。

遊行終點來到蔡英文的競選總部前,由移工代表分別以中文、英文、越南語、印尼語朗讀一封給蔡英文的公開信,信中除恭賀蔡英文即將走完競選總統的最後一哩之外,也希望未來的總統能正視現存的外籍勞工制度是缺乏人權保障的事實,改善奴工制度使其符合人權要求。


公開信中移工期望蔡英文也能為移工的九十九哩人權之路做出努力,希望她當選之後,能做到三點政策改善:

一、全面檢討外籍勞工制度,讓外籍勞工脫離奴工現況,成為自由的勞動者。
二、立法保障家務移工的勞動權益,立即改善十萬家務勞工無法休假的問題。
三、建立完善的長照體系,實現照顧正義;確保沒有人在照顧過程中受到傷害或剝削。

正視長照悲劇的嚴重性,政府應承擔長照的責任

最後所有參與遊行者,為血汗長照悲劇的受害者默哀弔念,祈求照顧正義。目前政府提供的長期照顧服務,涵蓋率不到1成。9成多的照顧需求都是由個別家庭想辦法承擔。有能力聘請移工的家庭,選擇聘僱移工,沒有經濟能力的家庭只好自己承擔照顧。不但家務移工的勞動條件惡劣,獨自承擔照顧責任的家庭也越來越無法承受這樣的照顧重擔,因此孝子悶死老母的、女兒精神崩潰將母親推下河的、父親悶死失智兒的,或是不想拖累子女自焚的、上吊的,以及家務移工因為工時長、工作重導致身心失常的悲劇不斷的發生。「老有所終」的期待,對於承擔照顧責任的家務移工、家庭照顧者,及失能者都越來越遙不可及。

在政府長期從照顧責任退位、放任照顧市場化的狀況下,人民還要血汗多久?還要發生多少長照悲劇?

今年遊行的訴求,包含長期照顧及移工制度兩部分:

關於長照部分的訴求:

一、短期目標:取消僱用外籍看護工不得申請補助資源之限制 - 取消「失能老人接受長期照顧服務補助辦法」第三條:老人聘僱外籍看護工或幫傭者,不得申請第一項第一款補助項目(即身體照顧、家務服務及日間照顧服務)及「失能身心障礙者補助使用居家照顧服務計畫」排除聘僱外籍看護工之雇主的申請使用規定,使雇用外籍看護工的家庭得以使用政府的長期照顧資源。

二、中期目標:看護勞工應納入勞動基準法適用行業。

三、長期目標:停止個別僱用外籍看護工制度,政府承擔聘僱責任。四年內全面停止個人/個別家庭聘僱外籍看護工制度,改以機構聘僱。機構以符合勞基法的方式安排照顧人力的提供。並於四年內由政府以稅收方式成立長照基金,承擔全民長期照顧責任。

關於移工制度的訴求:

  1. 廢除私人仲介制度,強制國對國直接聘僱
  2. 移工得自由轉換雇主
  3. 取消在台工作年限
  4. 廢除三年契約期滿需出國一日的規定,避免仲介再度剝削

【延伸閱讀】

  1. 一張圖看懂工鬥的長照訴求:http://ppt.cc/qHAHA
  2. 反血汗長照專車問三組總統候選人:http://ppt.cc/r79yX
  3. 建立長照系的空笑夢:http://www.coolloud.org.tw/node/70549
  4. 當移工拒絕被奴役,台灣長照何處去:http://talk.ltn.com.tw/article/breakingnews/1378772
  5. 不面對人力問題,談長照預算是避重就輕:http://talk.ltn.com.tw/article/breakingnews/1488540
  6. 莫讓長照走進「市場化」死胡同:http://talk.ltn.com.tw/article/breakingnews/1525837
  7. 照顧正義在哪裏? 2015移工大遊行x懶人包~為何現時照顧制度不正義:http://ppt.cc/Pf1bN
  8. 2015移工大遊行英文版宣傳片:http://ppt.cc/BQ65u

文字資料來源:TIWA台灣國際勞工協會/FACEBOOK

新聞連結:
焦點新聞:血汗體制 長照能解否?移工遊行 逼問蔡英文: http://www.eventsinfocus.org/news/331 


Photo: 2016工人鬥總統/FACEBOOK


Source: Migrant Empowerment Network in Taiwan (MENT) & Migrant Empowerment Network Taiwan (TIWA)

Story Type: News

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