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Indonesia: A country that is pro Violence and Neglect Domestic Workers - Jala PRT says

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by Fish Ip published Feb 19, 2021 10:38 AM
On the day of Indonesian National Domestic Workers Day which is a day to remember how Sunarsih, a 14-year child domestic worker, died from abuse by her employer, Jala PRT presses the government of Indonesia to adopt domestic workers law. Here is the statement of Jala PRT.

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NEGARA YANG PRO KEKERASAN & ABAI TERHADAP PRT

20 lalu PRTA Sunarsih 14 tahun bekerja di Surabaya meninggal dianiaya pemberi kerjanya, Ny. Ita yang berkali-kali menganiaya PRT berbeda-beda dan selalu lolos dari hukum.

20 tahun kasus kekerasan, perbudakan terhadap PRT terus bertambah. JALA PRT mencatat 3 tahun 2018 sampai dengan 2020 terjadi 1743 berbagai kasus kekerasan terhadap PRT. 62% adalah multi kasus dari kekerasan psikis, fisik, ekonomi dan trafficking.

Demikian pula di masa krisis - Pandemi COVID-19, PRT sebagai warga negara dan pekerja luput dari subsidi Pemerintah.

Sementara pula 82% PRT tidak bisa mengakses Jaminan Sosial sebagai aspek dasar dalam kebutuhan hidup.  PRT terancam hidupnya dalam krisis pangan dan papan.

2021, 17 tahun proses RUU PPRT di DPR tetap dihalangi. 4,2 juta PRT di Indonesia adalah bagian warga negara yang bekerja menopang perekonomian keluarganya & keluarga jutaan rumah tangga pemberi kerja.

PRT bekerja di wilayah domestik menopang produktivitas dan perekonomian nasional - global,
Namun demikian, PRT bekerja dalam situasi tidak layak, rentan kekerasan, ekspolitasi - perbudakan modern.

Negara telah gagal menjalankan amanat Pancasila & UUD 1945.

Negara terus menerus melakukan diskriminasi, abai terhadap PRT dan memposisikan diri lebih sebagai agen perbudakan modern, daripada memberikan perlindungan.

Atas hal tersebut JALA PRT mendesak DPR dan Pemerintah untuk segera mewujudkan

#UUPPRT
Tidak ada lagi alasan untuk menunda pembahasan RUU PPRT.

**

Belajar dari pengalaman baik perlindungan PRT di Filipina yang sudah memiliki UU PPRT (Batas Kasambahay) dan Konvensi ILO 189 bahwa PRT di Filipina diakui sebagai pekerja dan mendapatkan hak-haknya termasuk hak dasar jaminan sosial kesehatan dan Ketenagakerjaan.
Seperti halnya di masa pandemi PRT Filipina mendapatkan subsidi dari Pemerintah Filipina untuk kehilangan pekerjaan, upah yang dipotong, bencana pandemi dan subsidi usaha alternatif.

**

Latar belakang lahirnya Hari PRT Nasional di Indonesia :

Hari PRT Nasional dilatar belakangi oleh peristiwa kematian Sunarsih, PRTA berusia 14 tahun. Korban dari penyiksaaan oleh majikan dan perdagangan orang yang dipekerjakan di Surabaya -Jawa Timur.

Sunarsih asal dari Pasuruan bekerja bersama 5 org temannya yang semua PRTA.
Selama 6 bulan bekerja di Ny. Ita, Sunarsih dkk dikurung, hanya makan 1x/hari, tidak digaji, tidur di lantai jemuran.

Sunarsih meninggal pada 12 Februari 2001, karena dianiaya oleh Majikan/pemberi kerjanya (nyonya Ita) yang sudah berulangkali menganiaya PRT yang berbeda-beda. Namun peristiwa ini terungkap pada 15 Februari 2001. Dan oleh kawan-kawan yang peduli pada persoalan PRT, kemudian mengadvokasi dan mengangkat kasus ini.

Ketika kasus ini terungkap, tidak ada yang tahu tentang keluarga dan asal alamat Sunarsih. Orang tua Sunarsih juga baru tahu dari tetangga keluarga yang membaca koran MEMO - salah satu koran di Surabaya. Yang diberita itu bahwa Sunarsih meninggal. Ketika Sunarsih dibawa oleh calo, orangtuanya tidak tahu kemana persisnya Sunarsih bekerja. Baru setelah 6 bulan berlalu tidak ada kabar, orang tua Sunarsih mencari anaknya itu dengan menjual ternak. Namun yang didapat adalah kepiluan setelah mengetahui Sunarsih tiada.

Dan untuk mengenang peristiwa kematian Sunarsih ini maka pada 15 Februari 2007 ditetapkan sebagai Hari PRT Nasional dan dilaunching di Surabaya oleh JALA PRT bersama Komnas Perempuan dan Samitra Abhaya Kelompok Perempuan Pro Demokrasi (SA KPPD) melakukan dialog publik - konf.pers dan di Yogyakarta oleh JALA PRT bersama Jaringan Perlindungan PRT/JPPRT melakukan longmarch, membagi bunga ke para pengguna jalan sepanjang Malioboro dengan tulisan pesan Hari PRT Nasional dan menyuarakan hak-hak PRT sbg pekerja, mengirim surat kepada presiden, juga ada teaterikal di titil nol serta orasi-orasi oleh peserta aksi.

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English Translation: 

A Country That is Pro Violence and Neglect Domestic Workers

20 years ago, a child domestic worker – Sunarsih who worked at Surabaya died of being persecuted by her employer, Ita who repeatedly persecutes different domestic workers and always escapes the law.

20 years after the case of violence, slavery against domestic workers continues to increase.
JALA PRT recorded that 3 years 2018 to 2020 there were 1743 cases of violence against domestic workers. 62% were multiple cases of psychological, physical, economic violence and trafficking.
Likewise, in times of crisis - the COVID-19 pandemic, domestic workers as citizens and workers are exempt from Government subsidies.

Meanwhile, 82% of domestic workers cannot access Social Security as a basic aspect of their daily needs. Domestic workers have to cope with food and housing crisis.

In 2021, after 17 years of the advocacy process, the DWs Protection Bill in the Parliament remains blocked. 4.2 million domestic workers in Indonesia are part of citizens who work to support the economy of their families & the families of millions of employer households.

Domestic workers working in the domestic area to support economic productivity at the national and global level. However, they work in situations that are not feasible, vulnerable to violence, exploitation - modern slavery.

The state has failed to carry out the mandate of Pancasila & the 1945 Constitution.
The state continues to discriminate, neglect domestic workers and position itself more as an agent of modern slavery, rather than providing protection.

For this reason, JALA PRT urged the Indonesian Parliament and the Government to immediately make Domestic Workers a Reality.

#UUPPRT

**
Learning from the good experience of protecting domestic workers in the Philippines which already has the DWs Law and the ILO Convention 189, domestic workers in the Philippines are recognized as workers and get their rights, including the basic rights to health and social security.
As in the case of the pandemic, domestic workers in the Philippines get subsidies from the Government of the Philippines for job losses, wages deductions, pandemic disasters and livelihood subsidies.

**

The Birth of National Domestic Workers Day in Indonesia:

The National Domestic Worker Day is inspired by the death incident of Sunarsih, a 14-year-old child domestic worker. Victims of torture by employers and trafficking employed in Surabaya-East Java.

Sunarsih who is from Pasuruan works with 5 of his friends who are all child domestic workers.
For 6 months working for Mrs. Ita, got Sunarsih locked up, only ate once a day, not paying their salary, slept on the floor of a clothesline.

Sunarsih died on February 12, 2001, due to being abused by her employer / employer (Mrs. Ita) who had repeatedly abused different domestic workers. However, this incident was revealed on February 15, 2001. And by friends who were concerned about domestic worker issues, then they advocated and raised this case.

When this case came to light, no one knew about Sunarsih's family and origin address. Sunarsih's parents also just found out from their neighbors who read MEMO newspaper - one of the newspapers in Surabaya. What was reported was that Sunarsih died. When Sunarsih was brought in by a broker, her parents did not know exactly where Sunarsih worked. It was only after 6 months that there was no news that Sunarsih's parents were looking for her son by selling livestock. But what you get is sadness after knowing Sunarsih is not there.

And to commemorate Sunarsih's death, on 15 February 2007 it was designated as National Domestic Worker Day and it was launched in Surabaya by JALA PRT together with Komnas Perempuan and Samitra Abhaya, the Pro-Democracy Women's Group (SA KPPD) held a public dialogue - press conference and in Yogyakarta by JALA PRT together with domestic workers the alliances carried out a long march, distributed flowers to road users along Malioboro street with the inscription of the National Domestic Worker Day message to voice out the rights of domestic workers as workers. A letter was also sent to the president, there was also theater at zero point and orations by participants’ action.

 


Source: Jala PRT

Story Type: Update

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