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Child domestic work: Global estimates 2012

Child domestic work: Global estimates 2012

by IDWFED published Oct 04, 2013 12:00 AM
This factsheet is an update to the global estimates on child domestic work 2008

Resource Type

Data, Surveys, Fact Sheets


Within the framework of the global estimates on child labour recently published,the ILO-IPEC, for the second time, has produced global estimates of children in domestic work. This effort builts on detailed information from national household surveys, which contain a valuable source of data on child domestic work. The 2012 estimates on child domestic work and child labour in domestic work are based on the industry-approach when measuring domestic work. For this reason, results are not fully comparable with the previous estimates (2008), which were based on an occupation-approach. The industry-based approach was recently recommended by the ILO.

The precise number of child domestic workers worldwide is still not known, because reliable data on this type of activity remain limited. An additional difficulty in measuring child domestic work has been the ambiguity surrounding which children to include. As measurement involves decisions of what and how to measure, it is important to note that in this factsheet the term “child domestic work” refers to the situation where children aged 5 to 17 years perform domestic tasks in the home of a third party or employer (with or without remuneration). Also in statistical terms, therefore, child domestic work is considered as “economic activity” – or a subset of children in employment.

Despite a number of limitations to fully capturing all hidden work situations, a number of household surveys among those used in the 2012 ILO’s global estimates on child labour, provide important quantitative information on child domestic work – allowing for global estimates on child domestic workers to be made. All estimates are for the benchmark year 2012. These estimates are based on established ILO statistical methodologies.


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